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For the most part, overview texts were not themselves updated, but the previous 'Current state of minorities and indigenous peoples' rubric was replaced throughout with links to the relevant minority-specific reports, and a 'Resources' section was added. Refworld entries have been updated accordingly. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Environment Montenegro lies on the coast of the Adriatic Sea. Its terrain is very mountainous.
History Slavs arrived in the Balkans in the sixth century. The Slavic state of Dolcea was formed on the territory where Podgorica, the Montenegrin capital, exists today.
Dolcea became the territorial basis for all different stages in the state organization of the Montenegrin people. Montenegro became independent in the eleventh century, then was taken over by the Byzantine Empire and became independent again in the fourteenth century.
The Ottomans conquered the country in In Montenegro de cartagena dating dominican became an independent autonomous state, and was officially recognised in Montenegro proclaimed itself a kingdom in and expanded to its present borders during the First Balkan War in However, pro-independence forces in Montenegro revolted on Christmas Day ; the revolt was finally brutally suppressed inand the Montenegrin Orthodox Church was subsequently incorporated into the Serbian Orthodox Church.
All independence forces within Montenegro were suppressed. With Milosevic allies at the helm, Montenegro joined Serbia in formation of a new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia under the dictatorship of Slobodan Milosevic. As part of the rump Yugoslav National Army, Montenegrins participated in the Slovenian, Croatian and Bosnian wars of the s, notoriously including the shelling of the Croatian city of Dubrovnik.
InMontenegro's new leadership fell out with Milosevic. The anti-Milosevic cartagena dating dominican in Podgorica, backed strongly by Montenegrin nationalists who favoured independence, and many in the public who were fed up with international isolation, proved sympathetic to NATO forces intervening in neighbouring Kosovo in Inpopular protests ousted Milosevic and Serbia and Montenegro formally embarked on a process of transformation into a democratic state with a market economy.
Under pressure from the European Cartagena dating dominican, a three year agreement was concluded in establishing the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro-known derisively by pro-independence Montenegrins as Solanaland, after then European Foreign Affairs Commissioner Javier Solana. With about half of the population favouring independence, the government of Montenegro largely ignored federal laws during this time.
Travel Vlog: 7-Days In Cartagena, Colombia
Peoples Main languages: in late a debate was underway about the name of the language of Montenegro. The language is very similar to Serbian, Croatian and Bosnian, all of which were considered a common language before the wars of the s.
Some Montenegrins have taken to calling their language 'Montenegrin'. No single ethnic group in Montenegro forms an absolute numerical majority. Montenegrins, Serbs, Bosniaks, and Croats are Slavic.
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- Refworld | World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Montenegro
- Существует несколько архитектурных форм, которые не подвержены изменениям, потому что являют собой совершенство.
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The census recorded nearly 7, Croats in Montenegro. Croats speak Croatian and are predominately Roman Catholics. They are concentrated in southern Montenegro, near the border with Croatia, at the Bay of Boka Kotorska, with highest percentage in municipality of Tivat.
This part of Montenegro was previously part of Dalmatia, but has been part of Montenegro since Governance With The debate on the future of Montenegro had dominated the political scene and divided the society. Generally, Montenegrins and all minorities were pro-independence, whilst most Serbs were opposed. Whilst Serbia is the legal successor of the State Union of Cartagena dating dominican and Montenegro, the Republic of Montenegro expressed its readiness to adhere to the international treaties ratified by the State Union, and to participate in the same international organizations.
Montenegro adopted its existing constitution in The constitution includes the principle of equality before the law, provides for official use of minority languages in municipalities where minorities form a substantial proportion of the population, freedom to practice one's own religion, equality of religions, and a provision on mother-tongue education.
With the exception of Roma, minorities have generally been well represented in government at all levels. At the local level, minorities other than Roma are frequently represented in municipal councils, governments and administrations. The economic situation in Montenegro has long been difficult. Internationally isolated together with Serbia for years, GDP fell dramatically from levels in the early s; unemployment rates rose, whilst salaries and pensions decreased.
Corruption and organized crime, including human trafficking, have has been major problems, aggravated by opaque decision-making processes. The rural population, which is disproportionately a minority population, remains poorer than the urban, majority Montenegrin population, and poverty is highest amongst vulnerable groups such as Roma, refugees, internally displaced, and the disabled. However, Montenegro's weak economy appears to be undergoing a turn-around since independence.
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